The bones in the toes are known as phalanges, and the big toe consists of two phalanges. There are four types of broken toes that can occur, compressed, comminuted, displaced and non-displaced. In a comminuted fracture, the bone can break into several fragments. When force presses the ends of the bones towards the center, a compressed fracture has occurred. A bone that is moved out of its normal position is indicative of a displaced fracture, while a broken bone that stays in position is called a non-displaced fracture. The most common toe to break is the pinky toe, and this is often done by jamming it into a piece of furniture, or if something heavy drops on it. If the break is mild, buddy taping may be an effective way to promote stability to the toe as the healing process begins. This is done by taping the affected toe to the toe next to it, which may help keep it straight. If you suspect you have broken your toe, a podiatrist can provide an X-ray that can determine the extent of the fracture, and offer you correct treatment options.
A broken toe can be very painful and lead to complications if not properly fixed. If you have any concerns about your feet, contact one of our podiatrists from Platte River Foot and Ankle Surgeons . Our doctors will treat your foot and ankle needs.
What to Know About a Broken Toe
Although most people try to avoid foot trauma such as banging, stubbing, or dropping heavy objects on their feet, the unfortunate fact is that it is a common occurrence. Given the fact that toes are positioned in front of the feet, they typically sustain the brunt of such trauma. When trauma occurs to a toe, the result can be a painful break (fracture).
Symptoms of a Broken Toe
- Throbbing pain
- Bruising on the skin and toenail
- The inability to move the toe
- Toe appears crooked or disfigured
- Tingling or numbness in the toe
Generally, it is best to stay off of the injured toe with the affected foot elevated.
Severe toe fractures may be treated with a splint, cast, and in some cases, minor surgery. Due to its position and the pressure it endures with daily activity, future complications can occur if the big toe is not properly treated.
If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Hastings, Hebron, Red Cloud, Gretna, and York, NE . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.